拍品 39
  • 39

阿道夫·戈特列布

估價
2,000,000 - 3,000,000 USD
已售出
4,062,500 USD
招標截止

描述

  • Adolph Gottlieb
  • 《黑上綠》
  • 款識:藝術家簽名、紀年1960並標記6004(背面)
  • 油彩畫布
  • 90  1/4  x 59  3/4  inches

來源

Galerie Neufville, Paris
Galleria dell’Ariete, Milan
Private Collection, Italy
Acquavella Contemporary Art, New York
Alexander Milliken Gallery, New York
Acquired by the present owner from the above 

展覽

Paris, Galerie Neufville, Gottlieb, November - December 1960
Milan, Galleria dell'Ariete, Gottlieb, May - June 1961
Lissone, Palazzo del Centro del Mobile, XII Premio Lissone, internationale per la pittura, September - October 1961, n.p., illustrated
Turin, Galleria Notizie, Artisti Americani, May 1962, p. 15, illustrated 
Turin, Palazzo della Promotrice al Valentino, L'incontro di Torino: Pittori d'America, Europa e Giappone, September - October 1962, n.p., illustrated
New York, Union Carbide Corporation Gallery, Art from Corporate Collections, May 1979

出版

George Waldemar, "L'Expressionnisme," Combat, January 9, 1961, illustrated
David Sylvester, "Adolph Gottlieb: An Interview with David Sylvester," Living Arts 2, June 1963, p. 8, illustrated

拍品資料及來源

A powerful union of radically divergent forms, Green Over Black epitomizes the elemental dynamism and tremendous graphic force inherent to Adolph Gottlieb’s celebrated output.  Painted in 1960, the present work is paradigmatic of Gottlieb’s acclaimed series of Burst paintings, which represented a key innovation for the artist. The luminous green orb and tangled mass of black brushstrokes, suspended in dynamic symmetry, evoke the subliminal Jungian dualities underlying Gottlieb’s abstraction to produce a composition that radiates with pulsating psychic energy. While conveying the artist’s prodigious command of both gestural painting and color theory, the work resists categorization with the 'Color Field' or 'Action' paintings of Gottlieb’s contemporaries. Instead, Green Over Black enacts a visual fusion between these two veins of Abstract Expressionism, drawing the viewer into the volatile balance of Gottlieb's spellbinding composition.

The Burst series, which has come to be regarded comprising as some of the most psychologically complex and visually stimulating works of Abstract Expressionism, represents a dramatic breakthrough within Gottlieb’s artistic oeuvre. A founder and key figure of the New York School, Gottlieb had primarily explored themes of symbolism and mythology in his Pictograph and Imaginary Landscape series of the 1940s and early 1950s. In 1957, increasingly drawn to the exhilarating visual force of simple, monumental forms, Gottlieb began reducing his compositions to a single, explosive format: a white background, emblazoned with a colored orb suspended above a dark, tangled mass. In simplifying his compositions, Gottlieb adhered to the joint proclamation he issued with his contemporary, Mark Rothko, in 1943: “We favor the simple expression of the complex thought. We are for the large shape because it has the impact of the unequivocal. We wish to reassert the picture plane. We are for flat forms because they destroy illusion and reveal truth.” (Adolph Gottlieb and Mark Rothko, “A Letter from Mark Rothko and Adolph Gottlieb to the Art Editor of the New York Times,” June 7, 1943, n.p.) In the years following, Gottlieb remained consumed by the incredible energy of this composition, repeatedly making slight adjustments to form and color to enhance the optical charge of these striking works. Standing before Green Over Black, painted three years after the first Burst painting, the viewer cannot resist the hypnotic lure that radiates from the impossible tension between the two suspended forms. The luminescent depth of the green orb draws the viewer’s gaze with a siren’s call of saturated color; in fierce opposition, the gestural strokes of the black mass explode outward in a frenzy of motion that expands far beyond the borders of the canvas. By engaging these two polar bodies in contentious opposition, Gottlieb creates a composition that crackles with the scintillating possibility of sudden collapse.

The compositional binary of the Burst series aligns Gottlieb’s paintings with each of the predominant theoretical strains of Abstract Expressionism , thereby placing the influence of both in dynamic coexistence within a single frame. The subterranean mass of black strokes is painted in an emotive, painterly manner reminiscent of the gestural expressionism of Jackson Pollock or Franz Kline. In contrast, the transcendent color and soft, glowing halo of the upper form calls to mind the Color Field paintings of Helen Frankenthaler and Mark Rothko. Noting the inherent tension in his work, Gottlieb remarked, “I want to express the utmost intensity of the color… At the same time, I would also like to bring out a certain immaterial character that it can have, so that it exists as a sensation and a feeling that will carry nuances not necessarily inherent in the color, which are brought about by juxtaposition.” (the artist cited in Exh. Cat., New York, Whitney Museum of American Art (and travelling), Adolph Gottlieb, 1968, p. 21) While the two schools are often seen as mutually exclusive, Gottlieb combines them with a masterful grasp of multifaceted abstraction, skillfully playing them against each other to enhance the texture of the work. As noted by Mary Davis MacNaughton, “Gottlieb’s art is not dramatic ‘gesture’ painting… Nor is his art austere ‘color field’ painting… Instead, Gottlieb’s mature art synthesizes contrasting esthetic modes—both free and controlled—to express both the emotional and rational sides of his inner experience. In sum, Gottlieb’s art was the conscious expression of his unconscious feelings.” (Mary Davis MacNaughton in Exh. Cat. Washington, D.C., Corcoran Gallery of Art (and travelling), Adolph Gottlieb: A Retrospective, 1981, p. 49)

Green Over Black revels in the infinite dichotomies of its composition: the opposition of stasis and motion, color and shadow, form and stroke, celestial and subterranean. Gottlieb’s fascination with the acute power of binaries was heavily inspired by the work of philosopher Carl Jung, the dominant psychoanalytic theorist of the age. By casting two such monumental masses in opposition, Gottlieb creates the visual equivalent to Jung’s acclaimed theory of the ego and the unconscious: two mental selves, neither of which can exist without the other. Jungian theory identifies unresolved tension between these two conflicting forces, which must exist in precise balance, as neurosis. Gottlieb noted of his own work, “Subjective imagery is the area which I have been exploring…I reject the outer world - the appearance of the natural world…The subconscious has been my guiding factor in all my work. I deal with inner feeling.” (the artist cited in Exh. Cat., Washington, D. C., Corcoran Gallery of Art (and travelling), Adolph Gottlieb: A Retrospective, 1981, p. 49)

The Burst paintings mark the fulfillment of Gottlieb’s desire to resolve the eternal conflict of the psyche through his compositions, realizing his earlier statement with Rothko, “We favor the simple expression of the complex thought.” In powerful, elemental forms, Gottlieb articulates the tension inherent to the natural world, uniting the binary poles of Abstract Expressionism in a single, balanced psyche. Pulsating with a visual and psychic energy that defies the containment of a frame, Green Over Black enacts a visual psychoanalysis upon the viewer. As our eye meets the hovering glow of the green oculus, suspended above the dark chaos of frenzied streaks, we are drawn into a blissful balance between disparate forms, movements, and selves.

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